Garnet – January Birthstone
Red garnet jewelry dates back more than 5000 years ago, when a stylish necklace was found in and Egyptian burial chamber.
Ancient healers believed in the powers of natural gemstones, like assisting with health, luck or wealth. Gemstone’s color was more important than any monetary value, which was not considered back then. The red garnet became very sought after, especially in Europe and Sweden for it’s beauty, and as believed, it influences your passion, love, health, and friendship…
Red garnets were also worn for protection by the Asiatic tribes, and during the crusades, by the Christian and Muslims.
Red Garnet is also a more affordable stone than ruby.
During the Victorian era, garnet has been rose – cut and used as Bohemian garnet. In ancient times, the pharaohs were entombed with their mummified corpses as prized possessions for the afterlife.
In modern times, gem traders can pick from a rich palette of colors, garnet is also found in brownish red, pink, purple, blue, violet, orange, yellow and green.
Not all garnets are as abundant as red garnets, which is found in metamorphic rocks and on every continent.
Tsavorite, a green garnet, also forms in metamorphic rocks, is rarer and forms in rare chemistry and special conditions.
Demantoid, also a green garnet, is a rare and famous garnet. The variety demantoid, was not discovered until 1868 in the Ural Mountains of western Russia.The stone was named demantoid after it’s very high brilliance and dispersion. In French, demant – diamond. A brilliance higher than diamond. Until about 1919, they were popular in Russia as the famous Peter Carl Fabergé made jewelry with them.
Spessartine is an orange garnet, and Rhodolite is a beautiful pruple-red.
Garnet can also exhibit the color-change phenomenon, similar to the rare gemstone alexandrite.
There are more than twenty garnet categories, called species, but only five are commercially important as gems.